A hernia is a medical condition in which part of an organ, intestine or fatty tissue breaks through a weak spot in a connective tissue or muscle wall. They can be mildly annoying or majorly debilitating, and their risk to your overall health can also vary. Some patients will only need watchful waiting, while others will need to undergo surgery sooner rather than later to prevent problems like tissue strangulation or severe gastrointestinal issues. In today’s blog, we take a closer look at the most common types of hernias, and we explain how they are typically treated.
Common Types of Hernias
While the mechanism behind the hernia is essentially the same, there are a number of different types of hernias that can develop. Here’s a look at the most common types of hernias:
- Inguinal Hernias – These are the most common type of hernia, and they occur in the inner groin region. In fact, about 80 percent of surgeries performed to address the condition are for these types of hernias.
- Ventral Hernias – These develop in the abdominal area in the ventral wall.
- Femoral Hernias – Femoral hernias arise in the upper thigh or the outer groin area.
- Umbilical Hernias – This type of hernia develops near the belly button.
- Hiatal Hernias – These develop in the upper stomach or diaphragm, and can bring about symptoms associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease.
Hernias develop when pressure or stress allows tissue to break through a connective tissue wall. Obesity, straining during physical activity or intense muscle contractions that can occur during sneezing or coughing can all lead to the onset of a hernia. If you feel pain, discomfort or notice a visible bulge in your groin or abdominal, reach out to a gastrointestinal specialist like Dr. Bhatti.
How Are Hernias Treated?
As we mentioned in the intro, whether or not you need to treat a hernia can vary based on your symptoms. That being said, if treatment is recommended, surgery will be ordered. Hernias aren’t going to withdraw into their normal location and allow the muscle wall to heal on their own, so a surgical approach is necessary.
The good news is that hernia surgery is rather straightforward and can be performed on a minimally invasive basis. During the operation, the surgeon will make a couple very small incisions and insert an endoscope to allow them to visualize the hernia. Once in position, the protruding tissue will be placed back in its normal location and the injured muscle wall will be surgically repaired with sutures or a similar device. This artificially strengthens the muscle wall and greatly reduces the likelihood of recurrence.
Twin Cities Hernia Surgeons
Once the surgeon is satisfied with the wall stabilization, the tools are removed and the incision site is closed. After surgery, your surgeon will walk you through some basic physical restrictions and explain when you can return to certain activities. Most patients can return to light activity within three weeks and strenuous activity after six weeks, but consult with your doctor based on your specific needs. For more information, or if you believe you’re dealing with a hernia, reach out to Bhatti Surgery today.